The prescription of punishability of crimes qualified cumulatively (remarks on the Resolution of Seven Judges of the Supreme Court of 20 September 2018, I KZP 7/18)
Czasopismo Prawa Karnego i Nauk Penalnych Rok XXIII: 2019, numer 1
Journal of Criminal Law and Penal Studies Volume XXIII: 2019, No. 1
Maria Bernacka-Siemion – graduate of Faculty of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University in Krakow; from 2013 judge at District Court in Sochaczew, II Criminal Division
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prescription, cumulative qualification, the most severe penalty for a crime according to all concurrent provisions, different modes of prosecution, circumstances resulting in an extension of a prescription period, exclusion of prescription
The article presents the analysis of the prescription of punishability of crimes qualified cumulatively (Article 11 § 2 of the Polish Criminal Code; k.k.) based on the Resolution of Seven Judges of the Supreme Court, Criminal Division, of 20 September 2018, I KZP 7/18. The paper raises the question of the legitimacy of the application of Article 11 § 3 k.k. (the most severe penalty for a crime according to all concurrent provisions). The author also refers to uncommon situations, such as the case when the legislator, on the basis of the lex specialis rule, defines the circumstances resulting in extension of a prescription period (Article 101 § 4 points 1 and 2 k.k. – selected crimes committed against a minor) or excludes the prescription (Article 105 § 1 – 2 k.k.). This article analyses the situation when the concurring statutory provisions describing the elements of a prohibited acts have different modes of prosecution, especially in cases when there is no motion from a private prosecutor or a complaint from an authorized person (negative conditions of criminal proceedings stated in Article 17 § 1 points 9 and 10 of the Polish Code of Criminal Procedure).
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