The Offense of Non-Alimony in the Context of Criteria of a Multiplicity of Crimes and the Principle of Res Iudicata

Czasopismo Prawa Karnego i Nauk Penalnych Rok XXV: 2021, numer 3
Journal of Criminal Law and Penal Studies Volume XXV: 2021, No. 3

Bartosz Łabuś – student, Faculty of Law and Administration, Jagiellonian University; e-mail:

Full text in PDF (open access)




non-alimony, permanent offense, time of the crime, time of termination of crime, res
iudicata, continuous act


The offense of non-alimony combines many features which, even individually, cause
a number of interpretation difficulties. This offense is committed by omission and is
characterized as permanent and complex.
It is first and foremost an offense committed by omission, permanent and complex.
The need to reflect on the shape of the crime stated in Article 209 §1 of the Polish
Criminal Code lies primarily in the fact that in 2017 that Code was amended, which
significantly altered the discussed offense, necessitating a revision of many views held
by the jurisprudence of the Supreme Court, courts of general jurisdiction, and in the
literature. This text is devoted mostly to (i) the analysis of the persistence and complexity
of the offense of non-alimony, (ii) determining the time of its perpetration and termination,
and (iii) the relationship that exists between it and the principle of res iudicata.
The possibility of applying the institution of a continuous act and a sequence of crimes
was also considered.


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